Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

    Prediction of Human Reaching Pose Sequences in Human–Robot Collaboration


    In human–robot collaboration, robots and humans must work together in shared, overlapping, workspaces to accomplish tasks. If human and robot motion can be coordinated, then collisions between robot and human can seamlessly be avoided without requiring either of them to stop work. A key part of this coordination is anticipating humans’ future motion so robot motion can be adapted proactively. In this work, a generative neural network predicts a multi-step sequence of human poses for tabletop reaching motions. The multi-step sequence is mapped to a time-series based on a human speed versus motion distance model. The input to the network is the human’s reaching target relative to current pelvis location combined with current human pose. A dataset was generated of human motions to reach various positions on or above the table in front of the human starting from a wide variety of initial human poses. After training the network, experiments showed that the predicted sequences generated by this method matched the actual recordings of human motion within an L2 joint error of 7.6 cm and L2 link roll–pitch–yaw error of 0.301 rad on average. This method predicts motion for an entire reach motion without suffering from the exponential propagation of prediction error that limits the horizon of prior works.

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    Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics Open Issues