Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Mechanical Characterization of Supernumerary Robotic Tails for Human Balance Augmentation
    on August 31, 2023 at 12:00 am

    AbstractHumans are intrinsically unstable in quiet stance from a rigid body system viewpoint; however, they maintain balance, thanks to neuro-muscular sensory control properties. With increasing levels of balance related incidents in industrial and ageing populations globally each year, the development of assistive mechanisms to augment human balance is paramount. This work investigates the mechanical characteristics of kinematically dissimilar one and two degrees-of-freedom (DoF) supernumerary robotic tails for balance augmentation. Through dynamic simulations and manipulability assessments, the importance of variable coupling inertia in creating a sufficient reaction torque is highlighted. It is shown that two-DoF tails with solely revolute joints are best suited to address the balance augmentation issue. Within the two-DoF options, the characteristics of open versus closed loop tails are investigated, with the ultimate design selection requiring trade-offs between environmental workspace, biomechanical factors, and manufacturing ease to be made.

Development of a Low-Cost Soft Robot Fish With Biomimetic Swimming Performance


This paper investigates the methodology and techniques for a soft biomimetic robot fish that has a straightforward design, relatively simple fabrication, and low cost. In addition to the investigations of fabrication techniques, we also explore the numerical analysis of the biological fish swimming performance, with its inspiration for robot fish design, which is less studied in the literature. In this research, therefore, various swimming locomotion patterns within the body and/or caudal fin family are analyzed for kinematics and hydrodynamics using analytical methods and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to inspire the robot fish design for improved swimming performance. By straightforward design and fabrication, the swimming performance of the numerical robot fish is verified by means of simulation using 3D CFD, and the prototype performance is validated using in-water experimental tests. This study showcases a new easy-to-design and easy-to-fabricate robust biomimetic robot fish with comparable swimming performance, which has good potential for purposes like education, research, and entertainment.

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