Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Mechanical Characterization of Supernumerary Robotic Tails for Human Balance Augmentation
    on August 31, 2023 at 12:00 am

    AbstractHumans are intrinsically unstable in quiet stance from a rigid body system viewpoint; however, they maintain balance, thanks to neuro-muscular sensory control properties. With increasing levels of balance related incidents in industrial and ageing populations globally each year, the development of assistive mechanisms to augment human balance is paramount. This work investigates the mechanical characteristics of kinematically dissimilar one and two degrees-of-freedom (DoF) supernumerary robotic tails for balance augmentation. Through dynamic simulations and manipulability assessments, the importance of variable coupling inertia in creating a sufficient reaction torque is highlighted. It is shown that two-DoF tails with solely revolute joints are best suited to address the balance augmentation issue. Within the two-DoF options, the characteristics of open versus closed loop tails are investigated, with the ultimate design selection requiring trade-offs between environmental workspace, biomechanical factors, and manufacturing ease to be made.

Enhancing Kinematic Calibration Accuracy for Parallel Manipulators Based on Truncated Total Least-Square Regularization


This article proposes a novel kinematic calibration approach to address the ill-conditioned identification matrix problem and enhance the accuracy of parallel manipulators (PMs). The kinematic calibration approach applies the truncated total least-square (T-TLS) regularization method to the inverse kinematic calibration of PMs and does not have the unit inconsistency issue and configuration selection issue. The performance of the T-TLS method in the inverse kinematic calibration of PMs that have the ill-conditioned identification matrix problem is compared to that of classical regularization methods, including the truncated singular value decomposition (TSVD) method and Tikhonov method, in simulations. Then, the kinematic calibration approach is applied to a 3-PSS/S spherical PM prototype in the real world. For the 3-PSS/S spherical PM prototype, the kinematic calibration approach can reduce the absolute angular errors of the end-effector from over 1.0 deg before calibration to less than 0.1 deg after calibration.

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