Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Mechanical Characterization of Supernumerary Robotic Tails for Human Balance Augmentation
    on August 31, 2023 at 12:00 am

    AbstractHumans are intrinsically unstable in quiet stance from a rigid body system viewpoint; however, they maintain balance, thanks to neuro-muscular sensory control properties. With increasing levels of balance related incidents in industrial and ageing populations globally each year, the development of assistive mechanisms to augment human balance is paramount. This work investigates the mechanical characteristics of kinematically dissimilar one and two degrees-of-freedom (DoF) supernumerary robotic tails for balance augmentation. Through dynamic simulations and manipulability assessments, the importance of variable coupling inertia in creating a sufficient reaction torque is highlighted. It is shown that two-DoF tails with solely revolute joints are best suited to address the balance augmentation issue. Within the two-DoF options, the characteristics of open versus closed loop tails are investigated, with the ultimate design selection requiring trade-offs between environmental workspace, biomechanical factors, and manufacturing ease to be made.

Development of a Base-Actuated Three-Rhombus Configured Remote Center of Motion Mechanism for Lumbar Puncture


Owing to the advantages of safety and reproducibility, remote center of motion (RCM) mechanisms are widely adopted in lumbar puncture (LP) procedures to guide the insertion angle and depth of the end effector. However, the proximal-actuated pattern in existing RCM mechanisms occupies a large space near the end effector, which obstructs the visual field and increases the system inertia. In this work, a base-actuated three-rhombus configured RCM mechanism for LP operation is first proposed, where the symmetric three-rhombus scheme is designed for motion transmission. As a result, the rotational and translational motions of the needle are respectively realized through the homodromous and heterodromous actuation of the two base-mounted motors. Kinematic models are established to analyze the manipulability, singularity, and workspace of the RCM mechanism theoretically. The parameter optimization procedure is provided to minimize the footprint of the RCM mechanism. Experimental results show that the mechanism reaches an insertion angle from −29.2 deg to 29.2 deg, a maximum insertion depth of 60.02 mm, and a footprint of 4.98 × 104 mm2. The relative error of the RCM point is 1.1 mm.

Read More

Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics Open Issues