Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Dynamics of Mobile Manipulators Using Dual Quaternion Algebra
    on September 14, 2022 at 12:00 am

    AbstractThis article presents two approaches to obtain the dynamical equations of mobile manipulators using dual quaternion algebra. The first one is based on a general recursive Newton–Euler formulation and uses twists and wrenches, which are propagated through high-level algebraic operations and works for any type of joints and arbitrary parameterizations. The second approach is based on Gauss’s Principle of Least Constraint (GPLC) and includes arbitrary equality constraints. In addition to showing the connections of GPLC with Gibbs–Appell and Kane’s equations, we use it to model a nonholonomic mobile manipulator. Our current formulations are more general than their counterparts in the state of the art, although GPLC is more computationally expensive, and simulation results show that they are as accurate as the classic recursive Newton–Euler algorithm.

Efficient Model-Free Calibration of a 5-Degree of Freedom Hybrid Robot

Abstract

The pose accuracy is a crucial issue that limits the application of hybrid robots. The model-free calibration instead of complex error modeling is investigated to improve the pose accuracy of a 5-degrees-of-freedom (DOF) hybrid robot efficiently. To overcome the difficult problem of model-free calibration in high-dimension joint space that the required measurement data for accurate prediction increase exponentially, a dimensionality reduction method is proposed to decompose high-dimension joint space into two low-dimension subspaces. Then the pose errors can be respectively measured in two subspaces based on the calibrated standard poses to train their corresponding pose error predicators. The standard poses ensure the measured pose errors in two subspaces do not affect each other. Thus, a merging operation obtained by kinematic analysis can finally merge the predicted pose errors of two subspaces into the complete pose error. The error predicators established by several regression methods including artificial neural network, extreme learning machine (ELM) and Twin Gaussian process regression are compared on multi aspects, and ELM stands out among them due to its outstanding prediction accuracy, good anti-noise ability, and low training data requirements. In addition, different representations of pose and pose error are adopted at different calibration stages to deal with the influence of parasitic motion of hybrid robot for the implementation of proposed calibration method. The compensation experiment is executed and the results show that position and orientation errors are reduced by 92.4% and 88.2% on average after calibration and the pose accuracy can meet application requirements.

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