Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Robust Multilegged Walking Robots for Interactions With Different Terrains
    on May 26, 2023 at 12:00 am

    AbstractThis paper explores the kinematic synthesis, design, and pilot experimental testing of a six-legged walking robotic platform able to traverse through different terrains. We aim to develop a structured approach to designing the limb morphology using a relaxed kinematic task with incorporated conditions on foot-environments interaction, specifically contact force direction and curvature constraints, related to maintaining contact. The design approach builds up incrementally starting with studying the basic human leg walking trajectory and then defining a “relaxed” kinematic task. The “relaxed” kinematic task consists only of two contact locations (toe-off and heel-strike) with higher-order motion task specifications compatible with foot-terrain(s) contact and curvature constraints in the vicinity of the two contacts. As the next step, an eight-bar leg image is created based on the “relaxed” kinematic task and incorporated within a six-legged walking robot. Pilot experimental tests explore if the proposed approach results in an adaptable behavior which allows the platform to incorporate different walking foot trajectories and gait styles coupled to each environment. The results suggest that the proposed “relaxed” higher-order motion task combined with the leg morphological properties and feet material allowed the platform to walk stably on the different terrains. Here we would like to note that one of the main advantages of the proposed method in comparison with other existing walking platforms is that the proposed robotic platform has carefully designed limb morphology with incorporated conditions on foot-environment interaction. Additionally, while most of the existing multilegged platforms incorporate one actuator per leg, or per joint, our goal is to explore the possibility of using a single actuator to drive all six legs of the platform. This is a critical step which opens the door for the development of future transformative technology that is largely independent of human control and able to learn about the environment through their own sensory systems.

Efficient Model-Free Calibration of a 5-Degree of Freedom Hybrid Robot


The pose accuracy is a crucial issue that limits the application of hybrid robots. The model-free calibration instead of complex error modeling is investigated to improve the pose accuracy of a 5-degrees-of-freedom (DOF) hybrid robot efficiently. To overcome the difficult problem of model-free calibration in high-dimension joint space that the required measurement data for accurate prediction increase exponentially, a dimensionality reduction method is proposed to decompose high-dimension joint space into two low-dimension subspaces. Then the pose errors can be respectively measured in two subspaces based on the calibrated standard poses to train their corresponding pose error predicators. The standard poses ensure the measured pose errors in two subspaces do not affect each other. Thus, a merging operation obtained by kinematic analysis can finally merge the predicted pose errors of two subspaces into the complete pose error. The error predicators established by several regression methods including artificial neural network, extreme learning machine (ELM) and Twin Gaussian process regression are compared on multi aspects, and ELM stands out among them due to its outstanding prediction accuracy, good anti-noise ability, and low training data requirements. In addition, different representations of pose and pose error are adopted at different calibration stages to deal with the influence of parasitic motion of hybrid robot for the implementation of proposed calibration method. The compensation experiment is executed and the results show that position and orientation errors are reduced by 92.4% and 88.2% on average after calibration and the pose accuracy can meet application requirements.

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