Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Stable Inverse Dynamics for Feedforward Control of Nonminimum-Phase Underactuated Systems
    on January 25, 2023 at 12:00 am

    AbstractAn enhanced inverse dynamics approach is here presented for feedforward control of underactuated multibody systems, such as mechanisms or robots where the number of independent actuators is smaller than the number of degrees of freedom. The method exploits the concept of partitioning the independent coordinates into actuated and unactuated ones (through a QR-decomposition) and of linearly combined output, to obtain the internal dynamics of the nonminimum-phase system and then to stabilize it through proper output redefinition. Then, the exact algebraic model of the actuated sub-system is inverted, leading to the desired control forces with just minor approximations and no need for pre-actuation. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is assessed by three numerical test cases, by comparing it with some meaningful benchmarks taken from the literature. Finally, experimental verification through an underactuated robotic arm with two degrees of freedom is performed.

Toward the Design of Kresling Tower Origami As a Compliant Building Block

Abstract

In this paper, the use of the Kresling tower origami as a building block for compliant mechanism design is considered. To help building systems using this origami, models are derived to link the origami pattern geometry to the Kresling tower characteristics. This includes the position of stable configurations, the helical trajectory describing the motion and the orientation of panels during the tower deployment. The provided analytical expressions are helpful to adjust the tower geometry according to desired specification. In addition, an original modification of fold geometry is introduced to modify the tower stiffness. Material removal at specific locations, where maximum fold deformations occur, aims at reducing the actuation force without affecting the kinematics. Experimental evaluation is conducted to assess the relevance of the proposed models and evaluate the impact of fold line modification. The proposed simplified models are precise enough for the synthesis. The capacity to strongly reduce the actuation force, due to the fold line modification, is observed.

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