Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Dynamics of Mobile Manipulators Using Dual Quaternion Algebra
    on September 14, 2022 at 12:00 am

    AbstractThis article presents two approaches to obtain the dynamical equations of mobile manipulators using dual quaternion algebra. The first one is based on a general recursive Newton–Euler formulation and uses twists and wrenches, which are propagated through high-level algebraic operations and works for any type of joints and arbitrary parameterizations. The second approach is based on Gauss’s Principle of Least Constraint (GPLC) and includes arbitrary equality constraints. In addition to showing the connections of GPLC with Gibbs–Appell and Kane’s equations, we use it to model a nonholonomic mobile manipulator. Our current formulations are more general than their counterparts in the state of the art, although GPLC is more computationally expensive, and simulation results show that they are as accurate as the classic recursive Newton–Euler algorithm.

Planar Compliance Realization With Two 3-Joint Serial Mechanisms


In this paper, the realization of any specified planar compliance with two 3R serial elastic mechanisms is addressed. Using the concept of dual elastic mechanisms, it is shown that the realization of a compliant behavior with two serial mechanisms connected in parallel is equivalent to its realization with a 6-spring fully parallel mechanism. Since the spring axes of a 6-spring parallel mechanism indicate the geometry of a dual 3R serial mechanism, a new synthesis procedure for the realization of a stiffness matrix with a 6-spring parallel mechanism is first developed. Then, this result is extended to a geometric construction-based synthesis procedure for two 3-joint serial mechanisms.

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