Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Mechanical Characterization of Supernumerary Robotic Tails for Human Balance Augmentation
    on August 31, 2023 at 12:00 am

    AbstractHumans are intrinsically unstable in quiet stance from a rigid body system viewpoint; however, they maintain balance, thanks to neuro-muscular sensory control properties. With increasing levels of balance related incidents in industrial and ageing populations globally each year, the development of assistive mechanisms to augment human balance is paramount. This work investigates the mechanical characteristics of kinematically dissimilar one and two degrees-of-freedom (DoF) supernumerary robotic tails for balance augmentation. Through dynamic simulations and manipulability assessments, the importance of variable coupling inertia in creating a sufficient reaction torque is highlighted. It is shown that two-DoF tails with solely revolute joints are best suited to address the balance augmentation issue. Within the two-DoF options, the characteristics of open versus closed loop tails are investigated, with the ultimate design selection requiring trade-offs between environmental workspace, biomechanical factors, and manufacturing ease to be made.

Hydrodynamics Modeling of a Piezoelectric Micro-Robotic Fish With Double Caudal Fins


An analytical hydrodynamics model for a piezoelectric micro-robotic fish with double caudal fins is presented in this paper. The relation between displacement of the piezoelectric actuator and oscillating angle of the caudal fin is established based on the analysis of the flexible four-bar linkage transmission. The hydrodynamics of caudal fins are described by airfoil and blade element theories. Furthermore, the dynamics and kinetics of the whole micro-robotic fish are analyzed and validated by experiments.

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