Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Stable Inverse Dynamics for Feedforward Control of Nonminimum-Phase Underactuated Systems
    on January 25, 2023 at 12:00 am

    AbstractAn enhanced inverse dynamics approach is here presented for feedforward control of underactuated multibody systems, such as mechanisms or robots where the number of independent actuators is smaller than the number of degrees of freedom. The method exploits the concept of partitioning the independent coordinates into actuated and unactuated ones (through a QR-decomposition) and of linearly combined output, to obtain the internal dynamics of the nonminimum-phase system and then to stabilize it through proper output redefinition. Then, the exact algebraic model of the actuated sub-system is inverted, leading to the desired control forces with just minor approximations and no need for pre-actuation. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is assessed by three numerical test cases, by comparing it with some meaningful benchmarks taken from the literature. Finally, experimental verification through an underactuated robotic arm with two degrees of freedom is performed.

Design of Torque-Compensated Mechanical Systems With Two Connected Identical Slider-Crank Mechanisms


Balancing the torque of mechanisms designed to minimize the fluctuation of input shaft torque is an effective means of improving their dynamic performance. There are several ways of solving the problem: optimizing the distribution of the moving mass of the original mechanism; cam sub-systems that displace the balancing mass; cam-spring mechanisms; flywheels driven by noncircular gears; adding articulated dyads, linkages or redundant drivers. This paper addresses the problem of input torque compensation with the optimal connection of two identical slider-crank mechanisms. The acceleration and deceleration phases of the links of the slide-crank mechanism obviously change periodically, causing torque to fluctuate at the input shaft. The problem is how to connect two mechanisms in order to reduce the input torque. This is done by minimizing the root-mean-square value of the input torque of the combined linkages. Two schemes are considered: slider-crank mechanisms with sliders moving on the same side, and on opposite sides. The prime value of this study is that it proposes an analytically tractable solution for identifying the general dynamic properties of mechanisms. Based on the ratio of link lengths, the precise relations for optimal connection of identical slider-crank mechanisms, i.e., a connection that produces the minimum root-mean-square values of the input torque, are developed. The numerical simulations illustrate the efficiency of the suggested approach. Observations show that the best solutions from the point of view of input torque minimization are obtained for the value of the coupling angle of two mechanisms around 90 deg.

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