Nowadays, more and more researchers are pursuing miniaturized and lightweight structure of robots. However, robots with multiple actuators require large control systems if each actuator needs to be controlled independently. In addition, the cables and circuits for control and power supply are the obstacles in reducing size and weight. In this article, a wireless multiplexing control system based on magnetic coupling resonance (MCR) is proposed. The control system can realize wireless energy transmission and control simultaneously. By decomposing a composite signal, it can control multiple actuators with only one input signal. However, in previous researches, their applications are primary and simple due to the switch control without feedback and the lack of systematic design method for robot application. Thus, based on the discrete form of composite signal, the closed-loop of wireless multiplexing control is presented, which makes this promising method a step closer to the practical application. Besides, based on the theoretical model of load power and transmission efficiency, five parameters to be optimized are extracted in accordance with the actual design requirements. The optimization algorithm for load power is proposed using particle swarm optimization (PSO). As for its applications in robots, a Delta robot with flexible linkage and an untethered multidrive pipe robot for sampling operation are designed to demonstrate the proposed control method. The experiment results of the Delta robot show the reliability and accuracy of the system, while the results of the pipe robot prove its potential use in the untethered robot system.
Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics Open Issues