Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Stable Inverse Dynamics for Feedforward Control of Nonminimum-Phase Underactuated Systems
    on January 25, 2023 at 12:00 am

    AbstractAn enhanced inverse dynamics approach is here presented for feedforward control of underactuated multibody systems, such as mechanisms or robots where the number of independent actuators is smaller than the number of degrees of freedom. The method exploits the concept of partitioning the independent coordinates into actuated and unactuated ones (through a QR-decomposition) and of linearly combined output, to obtain the internal dynamics of the nonminimum-phase system and then to stabilize it through proper output redefinition. Then, the exact algebraic model of the actuated sub-system is inverted, leading to the desired control forces with just minor approximations and no need for pre-actuation. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is assessed by three numerical test cases, by comparing it with some meaningful benchmarks taken from the literature. Finally, experimental verification through an underactuated robotic arm with two degrees of freedom is performed.

Symbolic Differentiation Algorithm for Inverse Dynamics of Serial Robots With Flexible Joints

Abstract

A new symbolic differentiation algorithm is proposed in this paper to automatically generate the inverse dynamics of flexible-joint robots in symbolic form, and results obtained can be used in real-time applications. The proposed method with O(n) computational complexity is developed based on the recursive Newton–Euler algorithm, the chain rule of differentiation, and the computer algebra system. The input of the proposed algorithm consists of symbolic matrices describing the kinematic and dynamic parameters of the robot. The output is the inverse dynamics solution written in portable and optimized code (C-code/Matlab-code). An exemplary, numerical simulation for inverse dynamics of the Kuka LWR4 robot with seven flexible joints is conducted using matlab, in which the computational time per cycle of inverse dynamics is about 0.02 ms. The numerical example provides very good matching results versus existing methods, while requiring much less computation time and complexity.
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