Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Intuitive Physical Human–Robot Interaction Using an Underactuated Redundant Manipulator With Complete Spatial Rotational Capabilities
    by Audet JM, Gosselin C. on July 21, 2021 at 12:00 am

    AbstractIn this paper, the concept of underactuated redundancy is presented using a novel spatial two-degrees-of-freedom (2-DoF) gravity-balanced rotational manipulator, composed of movable counterweights. The proposed kinematic arrangement makes it possible to intuitively manipulate a payload undergoing 3-DoF spatial rotations by adding a third rotational axis oriented in the direction of gravity. The static equilibrium equations of the 2-DoF architecture are first described in order to provide the required configuration of the counterweights for a statically balanced mechanism. A method for calibrating the mechanism, which establishes the coefficients of the static equilibrium equations, is also presented. In order to both translate and rotate the payload during manipulation, the rotational manipulator is mounted on an existing translational manipulator. Experimental validations of both systems are presented to demonstrate the intuitive and responsive behavior of the manipulators during physical human–robot interactions.

  • Special Section: Mobile Robots and Unmanned Ground Vehicles
    by Reina G, Das TK, Quaglia G, et al. on July 21, 2021 at 12:00 am

    Inspired by the fifth-year anniversary celebration of the homonymous symposium at the International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition (IMECE), this Special Section with ten articles shares the latest research efforts in design, theory, development, and applications for mobile robots and unmanned ground vehicles.

On Robust Mechanical Design of a PAR2 Delta-Like Parallel Kinematic Manipulator


Sensitivity analysis of manipulators aims at studying the influence of variations in its own geometric parameters on its performance. This information is useful for evaluating the position error of the end-effector as well as for the synthesis of tolerances. Indeed, the synthesis of tolerances is a very important issue in the design and manufacturing of robot manipulators. In this paper, a sequential procedure for modeling, dimensioning, and tolerance synthesis of the Parallel Kinematic Manipulator (PKM) PAR2 is proposed. For optimal dimensional design, an approach based on the optimization of the workspace is proposed, taking into account several constraints, followed by a numerical matrix analysis-based deterministic method for sensitivity analysis whose performance is studied in terms of accuracy. To calculate the optimal dimensional tolerances, a new tolerance synthesis method is used. The effect of geometric tolerance on accuracy is analyzed.
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