Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Dynamics of Mobile Manipulators Using Dual Quaternion Algebra
    on September 14, 2022 at 12:00 am

    AbstractThis article presents two approaches to obtain the dynamical equations of mobile manipulators using dual quaternion algebra. The first one is based on a general recursive Newton–Euler formulation and uses twists and wrenches, which are propagated through high-level algebraic operations and works for any type of joints and arbitrary parameterizations. The second approach is based on Gauss’s Principle of Least Constraint (GPLC) and includes arbitrary equality constraints. In addition to showing the connections of GPLC with Gibbs–Appell and Kane’s equations, we use it to model a nonholonomic mobile manipulator. Our current formulations are more general than their counterparts in the state of the art, although GPLC is more computationally expensive, and simulation results show that they are as accurate as the classic recursive Newton–Euler algorithm.

Dexterity Analysis Based on Jacobian and Performance Optimization for Multi-Segment Continuum Robots

Abstract

This paper focuses on the performance analysis of multi-segment continuum robots, including reachable workspace and dexterity performance. Since excellent dexterity is an important feature of continuum robots, two local indices inspired by separating robotic Jacobian matrix, namely axiality and angularity dexterity, are introduced to explore the dexterity. Then, a Monte Carlo Method is adopted to simulate the distribution of local dexterity over the workspace. On this basis, the corresponding global indices in axiality and angularity are defined to assess global dexterity performance. To investigate the optimal kinematic performance, an objective function related to the segment lengths is designed under the consideration of reachable workspace and dexterity performance. Finally, Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm is used to solve this optimization problem successfully. The optimal length distributions for two-segment and three-segment continuum robots are discovered. Most importantly, it is found that our method can also apply to general multi-segment continuum robots.
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