Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Intuitive Physical Human–Robot Interaction Using an Underactuated Redundant Manipulator With Complete Spatial Rotational Capabilities
    by Audet JM, Gosselin C. on July 21, 2021 at 12:00 am

    AbstractIn this paper, the concept of underactuated redundancy is presented using a novel spatial two-degrees-of-freedom (2-DoF) gravity-balanced rotational manipulator, composed of movable counterweights. The proposed kinematic arrangement makes it possible to intuitively manipulate a payload undergoing 3-DoF spatial rotations by adding a third rotational axis oriented in the direction of gravity. The static equilibrium equations of the 2-DoF architecture are first described in order to provide the required configuration of the counterweights for a statically balanced mechanism. A method for calibrating the mechanism, which establishes the coefficients of the static equilibrium equations, is also presented. In order to both translate and rotate the payload during manipulation, the rotational manipulator is mounted on an existing translational manipulator. Experimental validations of both systems are presented to demonstrate the intuitive and responsive behavior of the manipulators during physical human–robot interactions.

  • Special Section: Mobile Robots and Unmanned Ground Vehicles
    by Reina G, Das TK, Quaglia G, et al. on July 21, 2021 at 12:00 am

    Inspired by the fifth-year anniversary celebration of the homonymous symposium at the International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition (IMECE), this Special Section with ten articles shares the latest research efforts in design, theory, development, and applications for mobile robots and unmanned ground vehicles.

Computation of the Available Force Set of a 3- RP RR Kinematically Redundant Planar Parallel Manipulator


An algorithm is developed to determine the available force set (AFS) of the 3-RPRR kinematically redundant planar parallel manipulator. The results of the algorithm are verified against a brute force approach and are found to yield exact results with significantly less computational time. The use of the AFS in a robot design context is illustrated through the analysis of two performance indices: the maximum pure force capable of being applied in any direction and the maximum pure force capable of being applied in a given direction. The algorithm is used to compute the AFS and the performance indices throughout the 3-RPRR robot’s workspace. The proposed methodology is a useful tool for the design and analysis of the 3-RPRR robot and could be adapted to other kinematically redundant planar parallel manipulators.
Read More
Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics Open Issues