Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Dynamic Modeling and Simulation of a Hybrid Robot
    by Shen N, Yuan H, Li J, et al. on May 12, 2022 at 12:00 am

    AbstractThe unique structure of hybrid robot makes its dynamic characteristic different from that of the traditional machine tools. Therefore, the dynamic model is crucial to both designing and application of hybrid robot. In this paper, a new type of five-degrees-of-freedom (5DoF) hybrid robot is introduced, and its dynamic model is established. First, the kinematic formulas are derived for all the component, and then, the inertia forces or moments are calculated. Second, the active forces or moments in the joints are assumed as variables and the number of variables is reduced by analyzing joint types. Then, an equation set of 36 equilibrium equations with 38 variables is obtained using D'Alembert's principle. Based on the spatial deformation compatibility analysis of two branches, two supplementary equations are derived to determine the solution of dynamic model of the hybrid robot with redundant constraints in its parallel mechanism. Several cases are studied by comparing with ADAMS simulation. The result shows the good accuracy of the proposed dynamic model, which provides a practical method to calculate the reaction force or moment in any joint at any instant for the hybrid robot and thus facilitates dimensional synthesis, trajectory optimization, and smoothing control.

  • Feasibility Design and Control of a Lower Leg Gait Emulator Utilizing a Mobile 3-Revolute, Prismatic, Revolute Parallel Manipulator
    by Soliman A, Ribeiro GA, Gan D, et al. on May 12, 2022 at 12:00 am

    AbstractDesign and control of lower extremity robotic prostheses are iterative tasks that would greatly benefit from testing platforms that would autonomously replicate realistic gait conditions. This paper presents the design of a novel mobile 3-degree-of-freedom (DOF) parallel manipulator integrated with a mobile base to emulate human gait for lower limb prosthesis evaluation in the sagittal plane. The integrated mobile base provides a wider workspace range of motion along the gait direction and reduces the requirement of the parallel manipulator’s actuators and links. The parallel manipulator design is optimal to generate the defined gait trajectories with both motion and force requirements using commercially available linear actuators. An integrated active force control with proportional integral derivative (PID) control provided more desirable control compared to traditional PID control in terms of error reduction. The novelty of the work includes the methodology of human data-oriented optimal mechanism design and the concept of a mobile parallel robot to extend the translational workspace of the parallel manipulator with substantially reduced actuator requirements, allowing the evaluation of prostheses in instrumented walkways or integrated with instrumented treadmills.

  • Announcing the 2021 Best Paper Award and Honorable Mention
    by Krovi V. on May 12, 2022 at 12:00 am

    Together with the Editorial Board of the Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics (JMR), I am pleased to announce the winner of the journal's 2021 Best Paper Award:P. Reinier Kuppens, Miguel A. Bessa, Just L. Herder, and Jonathan B. Hopkins, 2021, “Compliant Mechanisms That Use Static Balancing to Achieve Dramatically Different States of Stiffness,” ASME J. Mech. Robot., 13(2), p. 021010. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4049438

Actuation and Motion Control of Flexible Robots: Small Deformation Problem

Abstract

This paper introduces a new computational approach for the articulated joint/deformation actuation and motion control of robot manipulators with flexible components. Oscillations due to small deformations of relatively stiff robot components which cannot be ignored, are modeled in this study using the finite element (FE) floating frame of reference (FFR) formulation which employs two coupled sets of coordinates: the reference and elastic coordinates. The inverse dynamics, based on the FFR formulation, leads to driving forces associated with the deformation degrees of freedom. Because of the link flexibility, two approaches can be considered to determine the actuation forces required to achieve the desired motion trajectories. These two approaches are the partially constrained inverse dynamics (PCID) and the fully constrained inverse dynamics (FCID). The FCID approach, which will be considered in future investigations and allows for motion and shape control, can be used to achieve the desired motion trajectories and suppress undesirable oscillations. The new small-deformation PCID approach introduced in this study, on the other hand, allows for achieving the desired motion trajectories, determining systematically the actuation forces and moments associated with the robot joint and elastic degrees of freedom, and avoiding deteriorations in the vibration characteristics as measured by the differences between the inverse- and forward-dynamics solutions. A procedure for determining the actuation forces associated with the deformation degrees of freedom is proposed and is exemplified using piezoelectric actuators. The PCID solution is used to define a new set of algebraic equations that can be solved for the piezoelectric actuation voltages required to maintain the forward-dynamics oscillations within their inverse-dynamics limits. A planar two-link flexible-robot manipulator is presented to demonstrate the implementation of the joint/deformation actuation approach. The results obtained show deterioration in the robot precision if the deformation actuation is not considered.
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