Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Measurement Configuration Optimization and Kinematic Calibration of a Parallel Robot
    by Huang C, Xie F, Liu X, et al. on December 10, 2021 at 12:00 am

    AbstractThis paper presents the kinematic calibration of a four-degrees-of-freedom (4DOF) high-speed parallel robot. In order to improve the calibration effect by decreasing the influence of the unobservable disturbance variables introduced by error measurement, a measurement configuration optimization method is proposed. Configurations are iteratively selected inside the workspace by a searching algorithm, then the selection results are evaluated through an index associated with the condition number of the identification Jacobian matrix; finally, the number of optimized configurations is determined. Since the selection algorithm has been shown to be sensitive to local minima, a meta-heuristic method has been applied to decrease this sensibility. To verify the effectiveness of the algorithm and kinematic calibration, computation validations, pose error estimations, and experiments are performed. The results show that the identification accuracy and calibration effect can be significantly improved by using the optimized configurations.

Design of Robotic Motion Platform Utilizing Continuous Contact Skating

Abstract

The continuous contact-based skating technique utilizes the sideway movement of the two skates while changing the orientation of the two skates simultaneously. The skates remain in contact with the surface. A mathematical model mimicking a continuous skating technique is developed to analyze the kinematic behavior of the platform. Kinematic and dynamic equations of motion are derived for the nonholonomic constraints. Heuristic-based motion primitives are defined to steer the robotic platform. For the lateral movement of the platform, a creeping-based motion primitive is proposed. A prototype of the robotic platform is developed with three actuated degrees-of-freedom—orientation of two skates and distance between them. A multibody model of the platform is also developed in matlab. Analytical expressions are verified using simulation and experiments. The robotic platform follows the desired motion profiles. The motion profiles include straight-line motion, motion in a circular curve, and lateral creep-like motion of the platform. However, the initial deviation has been observed in both the simulations and experiments due to the slipping of the roller skate at the contact point with the surface. The platform can be effectively used in a structured environment.
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