Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Measurement Configuration Optimization and Kinematic Calibration of a Parallel Robot
    by Huang C, Xie F, Liu X, et al. on December 10, 2021 at 12:00 am

    AbstractThis paper presents the kinematic calibration of a four-degrees-of-freedom (4DOF) high-speed parallel robot. In order to improve the calibration effect by decreasing the influence of the unobservable disturbance variables introduced by error measurement, a measurement configuration optimization method is proposed. Configurations are iteratively selected inside the workspace by a searching algorithm, then the selection results are evaluated through an index associated with the condition number of the identification Jacobian matrix; finally, the number of optimized configurations is determined. Since the selection algorithm has been shown to be sensitive to local minima, a meta-heuristic method has been applied to decrease this sensibility. To verify the effectiveness of the algorithm and kinematic calibration, computation validations, pose error estimations, and experiments are performed. The results show that the identification accuracy and calibration effect can be significantly improved by using the optimized configurations.

Untethered Microrobot Motion Mechanism With Increased Longitudinal Force

Abstract

The importance of an untethered microrobotic platform that can operate on high flowrate microfluidic channels for in vitro applications is increasing rapidly. This article presents a method to manipulate a microrobot in a fluidic chip when high flowrates (4 ml/min, 82.304 mm/s) are applied. This method is based on a novel permanent magnet-based diamagnetic levitation configuration. This configuration includes a thin layer of pyrolytic graphite, which is placed just below the microrobot. In this way, microrobot stability and manipulation capability are increased. Also, we aim to increase the longitudinal forces imposed on the microrobot to withstand the drag force proportional to the flowrate. Hence, magnetic field lines are generated more linearly around the microrobot by a different combination of permanent magnets. The proposed magnetic configuration, named “KERKAN configuration,” significantly improves the microrobot’s longitudinal forces. In this configuration, two different ring-shaped ferromagnetic magnets are used. One of the magnets has a smaller diameter than the other magnet. A combination of one smaller and one bigger magnet is placed above and below the microrobot. To validate the advantages of this configuration, analytical and simulation studies are conducted. Their results are then compared with experimental results. Experimental results are on par with analytical and simulation studies. KERKAN configuration has a lower displacement than the next best configuration at the highest flowrate we applied (relatively 3301 μm, %21.8).
Read More
Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics Open Issues