Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Measurement Configuration Optimization and Kinematic Calibration of a Parallel Robot
    by Huang C, Xie F, Liu X, et al. on December 10, 2021 at 12:00 am

    AbstractThis paper presents the kinematic calibration of a four-degrees-of-freedom (4DOF) high-speed parallel robot. In order to improve the calibration effect by decreasing the influence of the unobservable disturbance variables introduced by error measurement, a measurement configuration optimization method is proposed. Configurations are iteratively selected inside the workspace by a searching algorithm, then the selection results are evaluated through an index associated with the condition number of the identification Jacobian matrix; finally, the number of optimized configurations is determined. Since the selection algorithm has been shown to be sensitive to local minima, a meta-heuristic method has been applied to decrease this sensibility. To verify the effectiveness of the algorithm and kinematic calibration, computation validations, pose error estimations, and experiments are performed. The results show that the identification accuracy and calibration effect can be significantly improved by using the optimized configurations.

Development of a Hydraulic Driven Bionic Soft Gecko Toe

Abstract

Geckos can climb freely on various types of surfaces using their flexible and adhesive toes. Gecko-inspired robots are capable of climbing on different surface conditions and have shown many important applications. Nonetheless, due to poor flexibility of toes, the movements of gecko-inspired robots are restricted to flat surfaces. To improve the flexibility, by utilizing design technique of soft actuator and incorporating the characteristics of a real gecko’s toe, the design of new bionic soft toes is proposed. The abilities of this bionic toe are verified using modeling and two soft toes are manufactured. One is Type A toe having varied semi-circle cross sections as the feature of real gecko toe and the other is Type B toe with a constant semi-circle cross section. The bending behaviors of the bionic toes subjected to a range of hydraulic pressure are also experimentally studied. It demonstrated that both toes can perform similarly large bending angles for the adduction (attachment) and abduction (detachment) motions. In comparisons, Type B toe exhibits larger output force, which is ascribed to the fact that at proximal section of Type B corresponds to larger volume for bearing fluid. Both toes can not only provide sufficient adhesion but can be quickly detached with low peeling forces. Finally, different curved surfaces are used to further justify the applicability of these bionic toes. In particular, the flexible toes developed also have the advantages of low cost, lightweight, and simple control, which is desirable for wall-climbing robots.
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