Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Stable Inverse Dynamics for Feedforward Control of Nonminimum-Phase Underactuated Systems
    on January 25, 2023 at 12:00 am

    AbstractAn enhanced inverse dynamics approach is here presented for feedforward control of underactuated multibody systems, such as mechanisms or robots where the number of independent actuators is smaller than the number of degrees of freedom. The method exploits the concept of partitioning the independent coordinates into actuated and unactuated ones (through a QR-decomposition) and of linearly combined output, to obtain the internal dynamics of the nonminimum-phase system and then to stabilize it through proper output redefinition. Then, the exact algebraic model of the actuated sub-system is inverted, leading to the desired control forces with just minor approximations and no need for pre-actuation. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is assessed by three numerical test cases, by comparing it with some meaningful benchmarks taken from the literature. Finally, experimental verification through an underactuated robotic arm with two degrees of freedom is performed.

Kinematic Analysis and Optimal Design of a Novel Schönflies-Motion Parallel Manipulator With Rotational Pitch Motion for Assembly Operations

Abstract

This paper presents a novel Schönflies-motion Parallel Manipulator with RotationalPitch motion (SPM-RP) based on a single-platform fully parallel mechanism. An analysis of the position, workspace, velocity, and singularity of the SPM-RP is carried out in detail, and a dimensionless Jacobian is proposed to evaluate the manipulability of the SPM-RP. The analysis shows that the SPM-RP is with position-decoupled kinematics, a large singularity-free workspace, and excellent manipulability. The SPM-RP is actuated by four parallel prismatic actuators, enabling the manipulator to provide the identical kinematic performance at all generic cross sections perpendicular to the prismatic joint axes within its workspace. This paper thus proposes a reduced design optimization formulation, where the traditional optimization over the entire workspace is reduced to the optimization on a representative workspace cross section of the SPM-RP. According to this approach, the design optimization of the SPM-RP is carried out by maximizing its manipulability over the total orientation workspace, which is crucial for precision assembly. Based on the achieved optimal design, an SPM-RP prototype is developed. The mobility, orientation capability, total orientation workspace, and repeatability of the optimal design are tested and verified by the developed SPM-RP prototype. Experiments show that the SPM-RP can achieve a large total orientation workspace with excellent precision performance.
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