Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Intuitive Physical Human–Robot Interaction Using an Underactuated Redundant Manipulator With Complete Spatial Rotational Capabilities
    by Audet JM, Gosselin C. on July 21, 2021 at 12:00 am

    AbstractIn this paper, the concept of underactuated redundancy is presented using a novel spatial two-degrees-of-freedom (2-DoF) gravity-balanced rotational manipulator, composed of movable counterweights. The proposed kinematic arrangement makes it possible to intuitively manipulate a payload undergoing 3-DoF spatial rotations by adding a third rotational axis oriented in the direction of gravity. The static equilibrium equations of the 2-DoF architecture are first described in order to provide the required configuration of the counterweights for a statically balanced mechanism. A method for calibrating the mechanism, which establishes the coefficients of the static equilibrium equations, is also presented. In order to both translate and rotate the payload during manipulation, the rotational manipulator is mounted on an existing translational manipulator. Experimental validations of both systems are presented to demonstrate the intuitive and responsive behavior of the manipulators during physical human–robot interactions.

  • Special Section: Mobile Robots and Unmanned Ground Vehicles
    by Reina G, Das TK, Quaglia G, et al. on July 21, 2021 at 12:00 am

    Inspired by the fifth-year anniversary celebration of the homonymous symposium at the International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition (IMECE), this Special Section with ten articles shares the latest research efforts in design, theory, development, and applications for mobile robots and unmanned ground vehicles.

Kinematic Analysis and Optimal Design of a Novel Schönflies-Motion Parallel Manipulator With Rotational Pitch Motion for Assembly Operations


This paper presents a novel Schönflies-motion Parallel Manipulator with RotationalPitch motion (SPM-RP) based on a single-platform fully parallel mechanism. An analysis of the position, workspace, velocity, and singularity of the SPM-RP is carried out in detail, and a dimensionless Jacobian is proposed to evaluate the manipulability of the SPM-RP. The analysis shows that the SPM-RP is with position-decoupled kinematics, a large singularity-free workspace, and excellent manipulability. The SPM-RP is actuated by four parallel prismatic actuators, enabling the manipulator to provide the identical kinematic performance at all generic cross sections perpendicular to the prismatic joint axes within its workspace. This paper thus proposes a reduced design optimization formulation, where the traditional optimization over the entire workspace is reduced to the optimization on a representative workspace cross section of the SPM-RP. According to this approach, the design optimization of the SPM-RP is carried out by maximizing its manipulability over the total orientation workspace, which is crucial for precision assembly. Based on the achieved optimal design, an SPM-RP prototype is developed. The mobility, orientation capability, total orientation workspace, and repeatability of the optimal design are tested and verified by the developed SPM-RP prototype. Experiments show that the SPM-RP can achieve a large total orientation workspace with excellent precision performance.
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