Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Stable Inverse Dynamics for Feedforward Control of Nonminimum-Phase Underactuated Systems
    on January 25, 2023 at 12:00 am

    AbstractAn enhanced inverse dynamics approach is here presented for feedforward control of underactuated multibody systems, such as mechanisms or robots where the number of independent actuators is smaller than the number of degrees of freedom. The method exploits the concept of partitioning the independent coordinates into actuated and unactuated ones (through a QR-decomposition) and of linearly combined output, to obtain the internal dynamics of the nonminimum-phase system and then to stabilize it through proper output redefinition. Then, the exact algebraic model of the actuated sub-system is inverted, leading to the desired control forces with just minor approximations and no need for pre-actuation. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is assessed by three numerical test cases, by comparing it with some meaningful benchmarks taken from the literature. Finally, experimental verification through an underactuated robotic arm with two degrees of freedom is performed.

Modeling and Prediction of Rigid Body Motion With Planar Non-Convex Contact

Abstract

We present a principled method for motion prediction via dynamic simulation for rigid bodies in intermittent contact with each other where the contact region is a planar non-convex contact patch. Such methods are useful in planning and controlling for robotic manipulation. The planar non-convex contact patch can either be a topologically connected set or a disconnected set. Most works in rigid body dynamic simulation assume that the contact between objects is a point contact, which may not be valid in many applications. In this paper, using the convex hull of the contact patch, we build on our recent work on simulating rigid bodies with convex contact patches for simulating motion of objects with planar non-convex contact patches. We formulate a discrete-time mixed complementarity problem to solve the contact detection and integration of the equations of motion simultaneously. We solve for the equivalent contact point (ECP) and contact impulse of each contact patch simultaneously along with the state, i.e., configuration and velocity of the objects. We prove that although we are representing a patch contact by an equivalent point, our model for enforcing non-penetration constraints ensures that there is no artificial penetration between the contacting rigid bodies. We provide empirical evidence to show that our method can seamlessly capture transition among different contact modes like patch contact, multiple or single point contact.
Read More
Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics Open Issues

Generated by Feedzy