Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Statically Balancing a Reconfigurable Mechanism by Using One Passive Energy Element Only: A Case Study
    by Kuo C, Nguyen V, Robertson D, et al. on April 19, 2021 at 12:00 am

    AbstractThis paper presents the static balancing design of a special reconfigurable linkage that can switch between two one-degree-of-freedom (DoF) working configurations. We will show that the studied dual-mode linkage only requires one mechanical spring or one counterweight for completely balancing its gravitational effect in theory at both modes. First, the theoretical models of the spring-based and the counterweight-based designs are derived. The proposed design concepts were then demonstrated by a numerical example and validated by software simulation. Experimental tests on both designs were also performed. The result of this study shows that a reconfigurable mechanism with N working configurations can be completely statically balanced by using less than N passive energy elements.

  • Multiparameter Real-World System Identification Using Iterative Residual Tuning
    by Allevato A, Pryor M, Thomaz AL. on April 19, 2021 at 12:00 am

    AbstractIn this work, we consider the problem of nonlinear system identification using data to learn multiple and often coupled parameters that allow a simulator to more accurately model a physical system or mechanism and close the so-called reality gap for more accurate robot control. Our approach uses iterative residual tuning (IRT), a recently developed derivative-free system identification technique that utilizes neural networks and visual observation to estimate parameter differences between a proposed model and a target model. We develop several modifications to the basic IRT approach and apply it to the system identification of a five-parameter model of a marble rolling in a robot-controlled labyrinth game mechanism. We validate our technique both in simulation—where we outperform two baselines—and on a real system, where we achieve marble tracking error of 4% after just five optimization iterations.

  • Exploiting Redundancies for Workspace Enlargement and Joint Trajectory Optimization of a Kinematically Redundant Hybrid Parallel Robot
    by Wen K, Gosselin C. on April 19, 2021 at 12:00 am

    AbstractIn this paper, possibilities for workspace enlargement and joint trajectory optimization of a (6 + 3)-degree-of-freedom kinematically redundant hybrid parallel robot are investigated. The inverse kinematic problem of the robot can be solved analytically, which is a desirable property of redundant robots, and is implemented in the investigations. A new method for detecting mechanical interferences between two links which are not directly connected is proposed for evaluating the workspace. Redundant degrees-of-freedom are optimized in order to further expand the workspace. An approach for determining the desired redundant joint coordinates is developed so that a performance index can be minimized approximately when the robot is following a prescribed Cartesian trajectory. The presented approaches are readily applicable to other kinematically redundant hybrid parallel robots proposed by the authors.

Characterization, Design, and Experimentation of a Fabric-Based Wearable Joint Sensing Device on Human Elbow

Abstract

The use of conductive fabrics (CFs) in the design of wearables for joint sensing has recently received much interest in a wide range of applications such as robotics, rehabilitation, personal wellness, and sports. However, one key limitation in the existing measurement approach is that the user’s anthropometric information is required to relate the joint parameters to the CF sensor strain reading. This paper seeks to address this limitation by evaluating a new wearable device concept that comprises a CF strain–voltage sensor embedded as part of an inverted slider-crank (ISC) mechanism for joint extension sensing. This benefits from not requiring anthropometric information from the user to relate the joint parameters to the fabric strain readings, as opposed to an existing design. We first characterize the electromechanical property of a commercially available CF. Second, we formulate the joint sensing device’s geometric synthesis procedure as a constrained revolute joint system, where the CF is designed and introduced as an RPR chain to obtain an ISC linkage. Lastly, we designed our wearable sensing device and validated against an ISC linkage fixture representing an elbow joint and an actual healthy human subject’s left elbow. The ISC linkage fixture experimental setup shows that our designed joint sensing device can track the elbow extension motion of 140 deg with a maximum error of 7.66%. The results from our human subject’s left elbow show that it can track the elbow flexion–extension at various angular motion, with error ranges between 8.24 deg and 12.86 deg, and have provided us with an acceptable average Spearman’s coefficient values rs at 0.95.
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