Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Measurement Configuration Optimization and Kinematic Calibration of a Parallel Robot
    by Huang C, Xie F, Liu X, et al. on December 10, 2021 at 12:00 am

    AbstractThis paper presents the kinematic calibration of a four-degrees-of-freedom (4DOF) high-speed parallel robot. In order to improve the calibration effect by decreasing the influence of the unobservable disturbance variables introduced by error measurement, a measurement configuration optimization method is proposed. Configurations are iteratively selected inside the workspace by a searching algorithm, then the selection results are evaluated through an index associated with the condition number of the identification Jacobian matrix; finally, the number of optimized configurations is determined. Since the selection algorithm has been shown to be sensitive to local minima, a meta-heuristic method has been applied to decrease this sensibility. To verify the effectiveness of the algorithm and kinematic calibration, computation validations, pose error estimations, and experiments are performed. The results show that the identification accuracy and calibration effect can be significantly improved by using the optimized configurations.

Design and Implementation of a Novel Variable Stiffness Actuator With Cam-Based Relocation Mechanism

Abstract

Variable stiffness actuators (VSAs) are widely explored as they could improve the safe performance for human-robot interaction and make the system torque controllable based on the internal compliance. This article presents a novel VSA based on the cam-based relocation mechanism (CRM-VSA), which is utilized to change the locations of pivot and spring of a lever mechanism simultaneously. Consequently, such structure makes the actuator compacted and the stiffness regulation designable, which could help engineers to pursue different demands of stiffness regulation. The simultaneous relocations of the pivot and spring also permit a wide range of adjustable stiffness. By introducing linear guide pairs, the internal friction of the relocations of pivot and spring could be greatly reduced, thus enhancing the energy efficiency. To evaluate the performance of the proposed CRM-VSA, the point-to-point control strategy is developed, which contributes to a higher tracking accuracy and oscillation attenuation at both the start and end points of the trajectory. In addition, the performance of torque controllability is also verified through experiments. These excellent capabilities enable the proposed CRM-VSA to be qualified for constructing a robotic arm toward service applications.
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