Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Two Actuation Methods for a Complete Morphing System Composed of a VGTM and a Compliant Parallel Mechanism
    by Xi F, Zhao Y, Wang J, et al. on March 5, 2021 at 12:00 am

    AbstractIn this paper, a complete morphing system consisting of a variable geometry truss manipulator (VGTM) is presented that is fully covered by a flexible panel skin. Two approaches are studied for the morphing control. The first one is to have the VGTM act as a driving mechanism and the flexible panels as a passive system. In this case, the VGTM is composed of active members and passive lockable members. It is shown that the morphing system can reach the desired shapes through intermediate steps. The second method is to have the flexible panels act as drivers and the VGTM as a passive supporting structure. In this case, the VGTM is only composed of passive lockable members. The morphing system can also achieve the desired poses through several steps. The control strategies of the two methods are discussed along with kinematic analysis, a comparison study is conducted to show their pros and cons, two prototypes are fabricated, and experiments are carried out to verify the feasibility of two actuation methods.

  • Design, Kinematics, and Application of Axially and Radially Expandable Modular Soft Pneumatic Actuators
    by Wang N, Chen B, Ge X, et al. on March 5, 2021 at 12:00 am

    AbstractRecently, soft pneumatic actuators (SPAs) have drawn increasing attention due to their ease of fabrication, high customizability, and intrinsic softness. Inspired by modular design, two kinds of SPAs, including an axial elongation soft pneumatic actuator (aeSPA) and a radial expansion soft pneumatic actuator (reSPA), are proposed in this paper, followed by their modeling, fabrication, and application in locomotion robots. The relationships between pressure and displacement of these SPAs are deduced based on the Yeoh model and the principle of virtual work, which has a good agreement with experimental results. Five modular worm-like crawling robots are fabricated by assembling the aeSPAs and reSPAs in different morphologies, and crawling tests are performed under different conditions to show the adaptivity of robots.

  • Clearance-Induced Orientation Uncertainty of Spherical Linkages
    by Chan C, Ting K. on March 5, 2021 at 12:00 am

    AbstractThis paper proposes a kinematic model to evaluate the orientation uncertainty range of spherical linkages caused by the joint clearances. Based on the concepts of imaginary clearance link, spherical N-bar rotatability laws, and the invariant link rotatability, the uncertainty of the output angle can be treated as a mobility problem. The uncertainty region of the end-effector is treated as a workspace problem for the remodeled linkage. This paper highlights the orientation error by isolating the kinematic effects of joint clearance from other error factors. The discussion is carried out through spherical four-bar linkages and five-bar linkages. Numeric examples are presented to demonstrate the uncertainty range of the output angle and the uncertainty region of the end-effector. The result shows that, in the worst case, the error of each joint clearance will be magnified in a closed-loop structure compared with linearly adding all the clearance error. This implies that from a kinematics point of view, closed-loop spherical linkages or parallel manipulators will lead to a greater deviation on the end-effector than their open-loop counterparts. Using more passive joints in the manipulator may result in bigger error possibilities.

Design and Analysis of a Multisegment Shape Morphing Mechanism


This article presents a novel design of a multisegment shape morphing mechanism that combines a lockable reconfigurable variable geometry truss manipulator (VGTM) with an active parallel compliant mechanism. The structure of the VGTM is in a parallel-serial structure, and its hyper-redundant degree-of-freedom (DOF) can be fully controlled by using two active flexible panels and some lockable joints. This mechanism is suitable for aerospace applications that require light and compact structure with high load-carrying ability as well as achieve multiple DOFs for large-scale shape deformation. To make shape morphing process simple and efficient, the mobility and topological configuration of the mechanism are analyzed first. Then, a control strategy combining the approximate motion mode and the exact motion mode is proposed. The kinematic models for different motion modes are established and solved analytically. It has been found that, under the exact motion mode, two approaches could be realized for the pose control under external loads for each segment. The one with the shorter moving path is selected in this article. Finally, a prototype was constructed to demonstrate the feasibility of this structure and to verify the proposed kinematic model.
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