Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Mechanical Characterization of Supernumerary Robotic Tails for Human Balance Augmentation
    on August 31, 2023 at 12:00 am

    AbstractHumans are intrinsically unstable in quiet stance from a rigid body system viewpoint; however, they maintain balance, thanks to neuro-muscular sensory control properties. With increasing levels of balance related incidents in industrial and ageing populations globally each year, the development of assistive mechanisms to augment human balance is paramount. This work investigates the mechanical characteristics of kinematically dissimilar one and two degrees-of-freedom (DoF) supernumerary robotic tails for balance augmentation. Through dynamic simulations and manipulability assessments, the importance of variable coupling inertia in creating a sufficient reaction torque is highlighted. It is shown that two-DoF tails with solely revolute joints are best suited to address the balance augmentation issue. Within the two-DoF options, the characteristics of open versus closed loop tails are investigated, with the ultimate design selection requiring trade-offs between environmental workspace, biomechanical factors, and manufacturing ease to be made.

Design and Analysis of a Multisegment Shape Morphing Mechanism


This article presents a novel design of a multisegment shape morphing mechanism that combines a lockable reconfigurable variable geometry truss manipulator (VGTM) with an active parallel compliant mechanism. The structure of the VGTM is in a parallel-serial structure, and its hyper-redundant degree-of-freedom (DOF) can be fully controlled by using two active flexible panels and some lockable joints. This mechanism is suitable for aerospace applications that require light and compact structure with high load-carrying ability as well as achieve multiple DOFs for large-scale shape deformation. To make shape morphing process simple and efficient, the mobility and topological configuration of the mechanism are analyzed first. Then, a control strategy combining the approximate motion mode and the exact motion mode is proposed. The kinematic models for different motion modes are established and solved analytically. It has been found that, under the exact motion mode, two approaches could be realized for the pose control under external loads for each segment. The one with the shorter moving path is selected in this article. Finally, a prototype was constructed to demonstrate the feasibility of this structure and to verify the proposed kinematic model.
Read More
Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics Open Issues