Latest Papers

ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics

  • Measurement Configuration Optimization and Kinematic Calibration of a Parallel Robot
    by Huang C, Xie F, Liu X, et al. on December 10, 2021 at 12:00 am

    AbstractThis paper presents the kinematic calibration of a four-degrees-of-freedom (4DOF) high-speed parallel robot. In order to improve the calibration effect by decreasing the influence of the unobservable disturbance variables introduced by error measurement, a measurement configuration optimization method is proposed. Configurations are iteratively selected inside the workspace by a searching algorithm, then the selection results are evaluated through an index associated with the condition number of the identification Jacobian matrix; finally, the number of optimized configurations is determined. Since the selection algorithm has been shown to be sensitive to local minima, a meta-heuristic method has been applied to decrease this sensibility. To verify the effectiveness of the algorithm and kinematic calibration, computation validations, pose error estimations, and experiments are performed. The results show that the identification accuracy and calibration effect can be significantly improved by using the optimized configurations.

Modeling of a Complete Morphing Mechanism Covered by a Paneled Morphing Skin

Abstract

Presented in this paper is a method for modeling and simulation of a complete morphing mechanism. The said mechanism has a rigid panel morphing skin that morphs along with a driving mechanism. The said skin is made of segmented panels, inspired by fish scales. Since the gaps between these panels are undesirable, a gapless design is introduced in this paper by using shape-memory polymer (SMP) joints. This paper aims to solve two fundamental problems for the entire system: (1) motion control and (2) force control. The motion control is addressed through the kinematic modeling of two equations including (a) the passive rigid panels and (b) the passive rigid panels to the active mechanism. Force control is achieved through force modeling. This is to develop a relationship of the SMP deformations to the required actuator forces. The experiment is carried out to determine the SMP forces versus deformation, and simulations are conducted to investigate how a complete morphing mechanism behaves. It also reveals that the workspace and singularity of the original mechanism will change after covered by a morphing skin. The developed method sheds light on the design of a complete morphing mechanism.
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